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Drug Smuggling Route

     Routes of Trafficking in Bangladesh:

Western Routes
East and South-Eastern Routes
North and North Western routes

DruDrug Trafficking Route-Map in Bangladesh:

Among the trafficking routes to Bangladesh, the vast forests and terrain areas of hill tracts and the Bangladeshi, Myanmar and Thai Fishing Trawlers are being safely used for trafficking heroin into Bangladesh.

It is alleged that heroin produced in North Myanmar, Laos, Thailand and India is generally trafficked into  foreign countries through Calcutta,
Madras and Mumbai routes of India and through Thailand and Rangoon. But the International drug barons and the Mafia network also find Bangladesh as a safe and alternate  trafficking  routes when the Indian and Myanmar routes become risky.

Bangladesh, with its longest borders with India on 3 sides and with Myanmar to the northeast has become very risky and vulnerable for drug trafficking and abuse. 

It has been spread over from urban areas to rural areas. The most frequently used drug is heroin, thereafter, phensidyl (Codeine based cough syrup) illegally transit from India and the third highest is cannabis. Bangladesh have borders with India on its three sides except the south, which stands on the Bay of Bangal. The three border routes are as follows:

The western routes with India are – Darshana, Zibannagar of Chuadanga, Hili and Birol of Dinajpur and Moghulhat, Aditmari, Durgapur, Fulbari, Nageshwari of Kurigram and Nawabgonj, Rajshahi, Meherpur & Debhat and Kaligonj of Khulna and Benapole, Chowgacha of Jessore.

Eastern Routes are – Akhaura, Zhautala, Sadullahpur, Nawagaon, Singer bil, Col. bazar, Gangasagar and Kasba of B.Baria, Bibirbazar, Chagalnaiya, Maharajganj and Gutuma of Feni, Barkal and Baghaichari of Rangamati, Chittagong, Teknaff of Cox’s Bazar, Dighinala, Panchari, and Matiranga of Khagrachari.

Northern Routes are –Haluaghat(Telikhali/Karaitali/Surjyapur/ Bandarkata/ Munsirhat/ Munshipara) of Mymensing and Durgapur (Bijoypur and Bhabani area) of Netrokona and Bangla Banda, Bhurungabari, Jhenaigati, Sunamgonj, Tamabil.

On the otherside of Indian borders, there are factories/industries of manufacturing codeine based narcotics (with ‘Phensidyl’ as trade name) and are being trafficked into Bangladesh, where BSF and BDR are  guarding borders on their respective sides.

Codeine – ‘A’ class narcotic liquid has been trafficked into Bangladesh by bus, truck packed in different baggages and luggages through the above border areas in the trade name of phensidyl and also drugs are smuggled into by ships, fishing trawlers and by airways. It seems that Bangladesh has been increasingly used as a ‘transit country’ for heroin shipments using Dhaka Airport and the seaport of Chittagong as exit-points.


Major International Drug Trafficking Routes:


Golden Triangle   >   Bangkok-Singapore-Hong Kong>Japan-> Pacific route (air and sea) > USA-Canada-Australia.

Golden Triangle   >   Bay of Bengal-Bangladesh-India-Pakistan > Middle East > South and South-Eastern Europe > Western Europe> USA>Canada. (Air, sea and land)

Golden Triangle   >   Bay of Bengal>India>Sri Lanka > Middle East-Africa > USA>Canada (air and sea).

Golden Crescent   >   Pakistan>India>Middle East>Mediterranean region > Europe>USA>Canada. (Air, sea and land).

Golden Crescent   >   Pakistan>Middle East>Africa>Europe-USA-Canada.

                                  India > Bangladesh > Middle East > Indian Ocean> Europe-USA-Canada.

South America   >   USA>Canada>Europe (air-sea-land).

Central America   >  USA>Canada>Europe (air-sea-land).    



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